South Sudan

The Republic of South Sudan formally celebrated it’s independence on July 9, 2011. The long journey to independence wasthe culmination of decades of civil war, a peace agreement signed in 2005, and the historic referendum on independence held in January of 2011. This page contains background and statistical information about the new country of South Sudan.


Refer to here for more information about the history of Sudan.

Refer to here for more information about Sudan before independence.

Flag of South Sudan
Flag of South Sudan

Initially used by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army during the liberation struggle, the flag was adopted as the national flag of the new Republic of South Sudan by all political parties, the Government of Southern Sudan cabinet and the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly.The flag’s colours symbolize the following:
Red: Blood that was shed by the liberation struggle martyrs.
White: Peace attained after many years of the liberation struggle.
Blue: Waters of the Nile River, a source of life for the country.
Green: The country’s natural resources.
Black: Black African skin.
Yellow: Star guiding the country and it’s citizens.

South Sudan National Anthem

In August 2010, South Sudanese were invited to compose a national anthem. After three rounds of competition, the University of Juba students won with their lyrics titled South Sudan Oyee (Hurray). A technical committee rearranged the original lyrics, which were then adopted as the official national anthem. The first stanza expresses gratitude for the abundant natural resources the country is endowed with, the second celebrates peace that the country now enjoys, while the third epitomizes the struggle of South Sudanese.

South Sudan OyeeOh God

The Republic of South Sudan consists of 10 states
The Republic of South Sudan consists of 10 states

We praise and glorify you
For your grace on South Sudan,
Land of great abundance
Uphold us united in peace and harmony.

Oh motherland
We rise raising flag with the guiding star
And sing songs of freedom with joy,
For justice, liberty and prosperity
Shall forever more reign.

Oh great patriots
Let us stand up in silence and respect,
Saluting our martyrs whose blood
Cemented our national foundation,
We vow to protect our nation

Sudan Divided: Compare Statistics for Sudan and South Sudan

Before independence, Sudan was one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world. The following images show in graphic form several indicators of health and development. It is clear from these images that the divide between Sudan and South Sudan is more than just a border – and that since independence, South Sudan is arguably the least developed country in the world.